Islamic Manners That Pertain To Speech
The Merits Of Limiting One’s Speech And The Blameworthiness Of Talking Too Much
Because talkativeness leads to sinning and because carelessness in choosing one’s words leads to mistakes, we are encouraged to limit our speech. Al-Mugheerah Ibn Sho’ban (ra) related that the Messenger of Allah (saas) said:
‘Indeed, Allah has forbade you from being undutiful to your mother; from wrongfully preventing others from wealth, or wrongfully asking fro (or taking) wealth; and from burying your daughters alive.
And He (swt) has disliked for you gossip, asking too many questions, and wasting wealth.” “Gossip,” as An - Nawawee explained, refers to one speaking about the conditions and actions of others when they do not concern him.
Jaabir Ibn ‘ Abdullah (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allah (saas) said,
“Verily, the most beloved of you to me and the one among you who will be seated closes to me on the Day of Resurrection is the best of you in manners. The most hateful of you to me and those among you will be seated farthest from me on the Day of Resurrection are the Ath-Tharthaaroon (those who speak too much in an affected manner), Al-Mutashaddiqoon (those who feign; one way they do that is in the exaggerated movement of their mouth when they speak), and Al-Mutafaihiqoon.”
The Companions (ra) asked, “ O’ Messenger of Allah, we know that meaning of Ath-Tharthaaroon and Al-Mutashaddiqoon, but who are the Al-Mutafaihiqoon? “ He (saas) said,
“ The arrogant ones.” 1
Abu Hurairah (ra) said, “There is no good to be found in superfluous speech.” And ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (ra) said, “Whoever speaks frequently errs frequently.” And Ibn Al Qaasim said, “ I heard Maalik say, “ There is no good to be found in abundant speech,’ and he said that this quality is found most among women and children, who speak continuously without ever remaining silent…”
1) Related by Al-Tirmidhee from the Hadeeth of Jaabir (ra) (2018); the above mentioned wording is taken from his narration, about which he said “This hadeeth is Hasan Ghareeb.” And Ahmad related it from the Hadeeth of Abu Tha’labah Al-Khushanee (17278).
You are the best community (Ummah) raised up for (the benefit of) humanity; enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong and believing in Allah
[AL QUR'AN 3:110]
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